Category Archives: Cloud Computing
Update: 2018 cloud computing trends from the latest RightScale State of the Cloud Survey are now available.
In January 2017, RightScale conducted its sixth annual State of the Cloud Survey of the latest cloud computing trends, with a focus on infrastructure-as-a-service. In 2017, we see several new themes emerging: anarrowing race among public cloud providers,decrease in private cloud adoption, a renewed focus among enterprises on optimizing cloud costs, and strong growth in Docker.
This is the largest survey on the use of cloud infrastructure thatis focused on cloud buyers and users, as opposed to cloud vendors. Their answers provide a comprehensive perspective on the state of the cloud today.
The survey asked 1,002 IT professionals about their adoption of cloud infrastructure and related technologies. Forty-eight percent of the respondents represented enterprises with more than 1,000 employees. The margin of error is 3.07 percent.
We highlight several key findings from the survey in this blog post. For the complete survey results, download the RightScale 2017 State of the Cloud Report.
Cloud Computing Trends: Key Findings
In the twelve months since the last State of the Cloud Survey, weve seen private cloud adoption fall slightly. The percent of respondents now adopting private cloud is 72 percent, down from 77 percent last year.As a result, use of hybrid cloud environments has fallen to 67 percent from 71percent last year. In total, 95 percent of respondents are now using cloud.
The percentage of enterprises that have a strategy to use multiple clouds grew to 85 percent (vs. 82 percent in 2016) with 58 percent planning on hybrid (vs. 55 percent in 2016). There was also an increase in the number of enterprises planning for multiple public clouds (up from 16 percent to 20 percent) and a concurrent decrease in those planning for multiple private clouds (down from 11 percent to 7 percent).
Companies that use public cloud are already running applications in an average of 1.8 public clouds and experimenting with another 1.8 public clouds. While fewer companies are using private clouds, those that do use more, running applications in an average of 2.3 private clouds and experimenting with an additional 2.1 private clouds.
Companies now run 79 percent of workloads in cloud, with 41 percent of workloads in public cloud and 38 percent in private cloud. Its important to note that the workloads running in private cloud may include workloads running in existing virtualized environments or bare-metal environments that have been cloudified.
Enterprises run 75 percent of workloads in cloud with more in private cloud (43 percent) vs. public cloud (32 percent). SMBs run 83 percent of workloads in cloud with more in public cloud (50 percent) vs. private cloud (33 percent).
This year we saw a strong shift toward centralization, with more central IT teams taking a broader view of their role in cloud. They see a role for themselves in selecting public clouds (65 percent), deciding/advising on which apps to move to cloud (63 percent), and selecting private clouds (63 percent).
However, there is now a significant gap between the view of central IT and that of the business units they support. Respondents in business units are less likely to delegate authority to central IT for selecting public clouds (41 percent), deciding/advising on which apps to move to cloud (45 percent), and selecting private clouds (38 percent).
In 2017, cloud challenges declined across the board with the exception of governance/control, which remained flat. This year expertise, security, and spend were all tied for the top challenge with 25 percent of respondents citing each as a significant challenge.
Lack of resources/expertise, the #1 cloud challenge in 2016, was less of a challenge in 2017 with only 25 percent citing it as a major concern, down significantly from 32 percent in 2016. Concerns about security fell to 25 percent vs. 29 percent last year. Managing cloud spend fell only slightly from 26 to 25 percent.
Even as managing cloud costs becomes a top challenge, cloud users underestimate the amount of wasted cloud spend. Respondents estimate 30 percent waste, while RightScale has measured actual waste between 30 and 45 percent.
This increased concern about costs has made optimizing cloud costs the top initiative for 2017 across all cloud users (53 percent) and especially in mature cloud users (64 percent).
As part of adopting DevOps processes, companies often choose to implement new tools that allow them to standardize and automate deployment and configuration of servers and applications. These tools include configuration management tools (such as Chef, Puppet, and Ansible) and, more recently, container technologies, such as Docker and container orchestration and scheduling tools such as Kubernetes, Swarm, and Mesosphere.
The meteoric rise in the use of containers now makes Docker the top DevOps tool among those included in our survey. Overall Docker adoption surged to 35 percent, taking the lead over Chef and Puppet at 28 percent each. (Note that we did not ask about continuous integration tools such as Jenkins, Travis, and others.)
The 2017 State of the Cloud Survey reveals that although AWS continues to lead in public cloud adoption (57 percent of respondents currently run applications in AWS), this number has stayed flat since both 2016 and 2015. It is important to note that while the percentage of companies running at least one application in AWS is flat, the number of applications and VMs they are running is increasing, thereby driving increased revenue for AWS.
In contrast, over the last year, weve seen significant growth in the percentage of respondents running applications in Azure and Google, the #2 and #3 public cloud providers. Overall Azure adoption grew from 20 to 34 percent of respondents to reduce the AWS lead, with Azure now reaching 60 percent of the market penetration of AWS. Google also increased adoption from 10 to 15 percent.
The public cloud adoption numbers above indicate the number of respondents who are running any workloads in a particular cloud. However, it is also important to look at the number of workloads or VMs that are running in each cloud. The chart below shows the number of VMs being run.
So although AWS adoption is flat, it shows the largest footprint for public clouds with 8 percent running more than 1,000 VMs and 28 percent running more than 100 VMs. In comparison, Azure only has 3 percent running more than 1,000 VMs and and 13 percent running more than 100 VMs.
In contrast to last years survey when we saw private cloud adoption grow, the 2017 survey shows that adoption of private cloud is flattening across all providers. Across all sizes of organizations, VMware vSphere continues to lead with 42 percent adoption, slightly below last year (44 percent). OpenStack (20 percent) and VMware vCloud Suite (19 percent) were also flat in growth, with OpenStack barely eking into the #2 slot. Microsoft Azure Pack/Stack was the only private cloud technology to show significant growth, up from 9 percent to 14 percent. Microsoft System Center showed 3 percent growth, which is right at the 3 percent margin of error.
The 2017 State of the Cloud Survey shows that while hybrid cloud remains the preferred enterprise strategy, public cloud adoption is growing while private cloud adoption flattened and fewer companies are prioritizing building a private cloud. This was a change from last years survey, where we saw strong gains in private cloud use.
AWS leads in public cloud adoption despite staying flat for the last two years in the number of respondents using it. However, respondents are running more VMs in AWS than in other public clouds, which explains the AWS lead in revenue. Azure made strong gains in adoption in this years survey, closing the lead on AWS. Google also made gains and still remains in the #3 position.
Enterprise central IT teams are taking a stronger role in cloud adoption. However, business units seem reluctant to give up authority. Cloud governance continues to progress, which will serve to help increase alignment between central IT and the business units they support.
With increasing maturity of both cloud users and cloud providers, we are seeing an across-the-board reduction in cloud challenges. Unlike last year when concern about resources and expertise was the most widespread (32 percent of users), this year security, spend, and expertise tied for the largest concern, albeit with only 25 percent of users expressing concern about each.
As adoption grows, cloud bills and cost concerns are also growing. As a result, the most cited challenge among mature cloud users was managing cloud costs. Most organizations, however, continue to underestimate the level of waste in cloud spend (30 percent) when compared to actual waste between 30 and 45 percent measured by RightScale. Although only a minority of cloud users have taken action to reduce waste, they are now turning their focus to this issue, making it the top initiative for 2017, followed closely by migrating more workloads to cloud.
The use of DevOps practices and tools continues to increase, with enterprises moving beyond piecemeal adoption to company-wide DevOps programs. This year Docker surged to become the top DevOps tool in the survey, seemingly at the expense of configuration management tools such as Puppet and Chef, which showed declines in adoption.
Download the RightScale 2017 State of the Cloud Report for the complete survey results.
Use of Charts and Data In This Report
We encourage the re-use of data, charts, and text published in this report under the terms of this Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. You are free to share and make commercial use of this work as long as you attribute the RightScale 2017 State of the Cloud Report as stipulated in the terms of the license.
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Cloud Computing Trends: 2017 State of the Cloud Survey
Introduction to Cloud Computing Services:
Earlier we used to store our data in hard drives on a computer. Cloud Computing services have replaced such hard drive technology. Cloud Computing service is nothing but providing services like Storage, Databases, Servers, networking, the softwares etc through the Internet.
Few Companies offer such computing services, hence named as Cloud Computing Providers/ Companies. They charge its users for utilizing such services and the charges are based on their usage of services.
In our daily routine we use this cloud service without our notice like web-based email service, watching movies through the internet, editing documents, storing pictures etc uses cloud computing on the back-end.
Using such cloud technology we can design and create new applications, store and recover data, hosting the websites etc.
Generally, cloud computing services are categorized into three types.
1) Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS): This service provides the infrastructure like Servers, Operating Systems, Virtual Machines, Networks, and Storage etc on rent basis.
Eg: Amazon Web Service, Microsoft Azure
2) Platform as a Service (PaaS): This service is used in developing, testing and maintaining of software. PaaS is same as IaaS but also provides the additional tools like DBMS, BI services etc.
Eg: Apprenda, Red Hat OpenShift
3) Software as a Service (SaaS): This service makes the users connect to the applications through the Internet on a subscription basis.
Eg: Google Applications, Salesforce
=> Let us know if we are missing any company in this list
Here we go with a brief review of the individual company.
=> Explore the site for more features on Amazon Web Services.
=> Visit Kamatera Cloud Services
=> You can visit this website for further information.
=> Visit Google Cloud Platformfor more details.
=> For more information on this service, visit Adobe website.
Visit this websitefor further details on VMware Cloud service.
For more information on IBM, access IBM Cloud.
For more details visit Rackspace Cloud.
You can visit the Red Hat website and browse for more information regarding cloud computing.
To learn more about Salesforce, you can visit here.
Visit the website for a free trial version and further details on Oracle Cloud.
For further queries or information regarding pricing visit SAP Cloud.
Visit the Verizon Cloud website for more details.
A free trial version of Navisite desktop service is availablehere.
30 days free trialversion of Dropbox can be accessed here.
For additional information visit Egnyte.
This article provides you a list of best cloud computing service providers using which one can avail various cloud services like file sharing, automatic backup of files, file locking, notifications to users regarding any updates etc.
Depending upon their specifications few of the cloud service providers limit their services to small businesses, consumers, mid-sized businesses etc.
=> Let us know if we are missing any company in this list.
Read more from the original source:
15 Top Cloud Computing Service Provider Companies
Cloud Computing provides us means of accessing the applications as utilities over the Internet. It allows us to create, configure, and customize the applications online.
The termCloudrefers to aNetworkorInternet. In other words, we can say that Cloud is something, which is present at remote location. Cloud can provide services over public and private networks, i.e., WAN, LAN or VPN.
Applications such ase-mail, web conferencing, customer relationship management (CRM) execute on cloud.
Cloud Computingrefers tomanipulating, configuring,andaccessingthe hardware and software resources remotely. It offers online data storage, infrastructure, and application.
Cloud computing offers platform independency, as the software is not required to be installed locally on the PC. Hence, the Cloud Computing is making our business applicationsmobileandcollaborative.
There are certain services and models working behind the scene making the cloud computing feasible and accessible to end users. Following are the working models for cloud computing:
Deployment models define the type of access to the cloud, i.e., how the cloud is located? Cloud can have any of the four types of access: Public, Private, Hybrid, and Community.
Thepublic cloudallows systems and services to be easily accessible to the general public. Public cloud may be less secure because of its openness.
Theprivate cloudallows systems and services to be accessible within an organization. It is more secured because of its private nature.
Thecommunity cloudallows systems and services to be accessible by a group of organizations.
Thehybrid cloudis a mixture of public and private cloud, in which the critical activities are performed using private cloud while the non-critical activities are performed using public cloud.
Cloud computing is based on service models. These are categorized into three basic service models which are –
Anything-as-a-Service (XaaS) is yet another service model, which includes Network-as-a-Service, Business-as-a-Service, Identity-as-a-Service, Database-as-a-ServiceorStrategy-as-a-Service.
TheInfrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS)is the most basic level of service. Each of the service models inherit the security and management mechanism from the underlying model, as shown in the following diagram:
IaaSprovides access to fundamental resources such as physical machines, virtual machines, virtual storage, etc.
PaaS provides the runtime environment for applications, development and deployment tools, etc.
SaaSmodel allows to use software applications as a service to end-users.
The concept ofCloud Computingcame into existence in the year 1950 with implementation of mainframe computers, accessible viathin/static clients. Since then, cloud computing has been evolved from static clients to dynamic ones and from software to services. The following diagram explains the evolution of cloud computing:
Cloud Computing has numerous advantages. Some of them are listed below –
One can access applications as utilities, over the Internet.
One can manipulate and configure the applications online at any time.
It does not require to install a software to access or manipulate cloud application.
Cloud Computing offers online development and deployment tools, programming runtime environment throughPaaS model.
Cloud resources are available over the network in a manner that provide platform independent access to any type of clients.
Cloud Computing offerson-demand self-service. The resources can be used without interaction with cloud service provider.
Cloud Computing is highly cost effective because it operates at high efficiency with optimum utilization. It just requires an Internet connection
Cloud Computing offers load balancing that makes it more reliable.
Although cloud Computing is a promising innovation with various benefits in the world of computing, it comes with risks. Some of them are discussed below:
It is the biggest concern about cloud computing. Since data management and infrastructure management in cloud is provided by third-party, it is always a risk to handover the sensitive information to cloud service providers.
Although the cloud computing vendors ensure highly secured password protected accounts, any sign of security breach may result in loss of customers and businesses.
It is very difficult for the customers to switch from oneCloud Service Provider (CSP)to another. It results in dependency on a particular CSP for service.
This risk involves the failure of isolation mechanism that separates storage, memory, and routing between the different tenants.
In case of public cloud provider, the customer management interfaces are accessible through the Internet.
It is possible that the data requested for deletion may not get deleted. It happens because either of the following reasons
There are four key characteristics of cloud computing. They are shown in the following diagram:
Cloud Computing allows the users to use web services and resources on demand. One can logon to a website at any time and use them.
Since cloud computing is completely web based, it can be accessed from anywhere and at any time.
Cloud computing allows multiple tenants to share a pool of resources. One can share single physical instance of hardware, database and basic infrastructure.
It is very easy to scale the resources vertically or horizontally at any time. Scaling of resources means the ability of resources to deal with increasing or decreasing demand.
The resources being used by customers at any given point of time are automatically monitored.
In this service cloud provider controls and monitors all the aspects of cloud service. Resource optimization, billing, and capacity planning etc. depend on it.
Examples of cloud computing include Software as a Service, Platform as a Service, and Infrastructure as a Service. Generally, cloud computing services are run outside the walls of the customer organization, on a vendor’s infrastructure with vendor maintenance.
Although cloud-like services can be internal (e.g., IU’s Intelligent Infrastructure), this document refers exclusively to cloud services provided by third-party vendors over a network connection where at least part of the service resides outside the institution, regardless of whether those services are offered freely to the public or privately to paying or registered users.
Cloud computing represents an externalization of information technology applications and infrastructure beyond an organization’s data center walls. In the university context, cloud computing may be thought of as extra-campus or above-campus computing.
Cloud services are often available “on demand,” and utilize an infrastructure shared by the vendor’s customers. While some offer a flat fee model or consumption-based pricing, other cloud services are offered at no cost.
Within the university, the confidentiality, integrity, availability, use control, and accountability of institutional data and services are expected to be ensured by a suite of physical, technical, and administrative safeguards proportional to the sensitivity and criticality (i.e., risk) of those information assets and services.
These safeguards help protect the reputation of the university and reduce institutional exposure to legal and compliance risks. Much of the challenge in approaching cloud computing involves determining whether a service vendor has adequate safeguards in place commensurate with the value and risk associated with assets and services involved.
Once the high-level challenges are understood, the next step is to consider the risks and determine whether or how to appropriately mitigate those risks in the context of the proposed information and/or service.
The above factors should not be taken to suggest that cloud computing has no potential benefits; but rather that the benefits must be balanced with the risks involved when evaluating the use of cloud computing services.
Cloud computing services are similar to traditional outsourcing and can be approached analogously while accounting for their unique risks/benefits. The following recommendations and strategies are intended to assist units in their approach to evaluating the prudence and feasibility of leveraging cloud services.
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Cloud computing: Hardware & Software Security: Online …
Today there is no single cloud, and applications and their developers play a more critical role than ever. Organizations are challenged to find the right people, processes, and tools to simplify the complexities of a multicloud world and to innovate quickly.
Automation and orchestration. Compliance. Workload governance. Kubernetes and containers. SaaS security and performance. Consistent networking and security policies. It can all get to be too much, too fast. But what if there was an answer for all this complexity? What if we could make things simpler?
Cisco brings together networking, security, analytics, and management. We deliver cloud solutions that span your multicloud world, from your on-premises environment to your multiple cloud providers, and from your applications to your infrastructure.
Our cloud solutions help you manage a private, hybrid, or public cloud, or all of the above. Whether you have one application and one cloud or multicloud applications and multiple clouds, we help you embrace a multicloud world by simplifying how you connect, protect, and consume your clouds.
Cloud Solutions from Cisco – Cisco
Why cloud computing represents a paradigm shift for business, and how business users can best take advantage of cloud services.
Most of the information available on cloud computing is either highly technical, with details that are irrelevant to non-technologists, or pure marketing hype, in which the cloud is simply a selling point. This book, however, explains the cloud from the user’s viewpointthe business user’s in particular. Nayan Ruparelia explains what the cloud is, when to use it (and when not to), how to select a cloud service, how to integrate it with other technologies, and what the best practices are for using cloud computing.
Cutting through the hype, Ruparelia cites the simple and basic definition of cloud computing from the National Institute of Science and Technology: a model enabling ubiquitous, convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources. Thus with cloud computing, businesses can harness information technology resources usually available only to large enterprises. And this, Ruparelia demonstrates, represents a paradigm shift for business. It will ease funding for startups, alter business plans, and allow big businesses greater agility.
Ruparelia discusses the key issues for any organization considering cloud computing: service level agreements, business service delivery and consumption, finance, legal jurisdiction, security, and social responsibility. He introduces novel concepts made possible by cloud computing: cloud cells, or specialist clouds for specific uses; the personal cloud; the cloud of things; and cloud service exchanges. He examines use case patterns in terms of infrastructure and platform, software information, and business process; and he explains how to transition to a cloud service. Current and future users will find this book an indispensable guide to the cloud.
See more here:
Cloud Computing | The MIT Press
Cloud Computing tutorial provides basic and advanced concepts of Cloud Computing. Our Cloud Computing tutorial is designed for beginners and professionals.
Cloud Computing Tutorial with high end solution of IT infrastructure. Cloud computing is a virtualization based technology that reduces the cost of IT infrastructure. It provides a solution of IT infrastructure in low cost.
In this cloud tutorial, you will learn basics and advanced topics of cloud which is developed for beginners and professionals.
Cloud computing means on demand delivery of IT resources via the internet with pay-as-you-go pricing. It provides a solution of IT infrastructure in low cost.
Actually, Small as well as some large IT companies follows the traditional methods to provide the IT infrastructure. That means for any IT company, we need a Server Room that is the basic need of IT companies.
In that server room, there should be a database server, mail server, networking, firewalls, routers, modem, switches, QPS (Query Per Second means how much queries or load will be handled by the server) , configurable system, high net speed and the maintenance engineers.
To establish such IT infrastructure, we need to spend lots of money. To overcome all these problems and to reduce the IT infrastructure cost, Cloud Computing comes into existence.
The characteristics of cloud computing are given below:
The cloud works in the distributed computing environment. It shares resources among users and works very fast.
Availability of servers is high and more reliable, because chances of infrastructure failure are minimal.
Means “on-demand” provisioning of resources on a large scale, without having engineers for peak loads.
With the help of cloud computing, multiple users and applications can work more efficiently with cost reductions by sharing common infrastructure.
Cloud computing enables the users to access systems using a web browser regardless of their location or what device they use e.g. PC, mobile phone etc. As infrastructure is off-site (typically provided by a third-party) and accessed via the Internet, users can connect from anywhere.
Maintenance of cloud computing applications is easier, since they do not need to be installed on each user’s computer and can be accessed from different places. So, it reduces the cost also.
By using cloud computing, the cost will be reduced because to take the services of cloud computing, IT company need not to set its own infrastructure and pay-as-per usage of resources.
Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) are provided to the users so that they can access services on the cloud by using these APIs and pay the charges as per the usage of services.
Types of Cloud
Cloud Service Models
Before learning Cloud Computing, you must have the basic knowledge of Operating System.
Our Cloud Computing Tutorial is designed to help beginners and professionals.
We assure that you will not find any problem in this Cloud Computing tutorial. But if there is any mistake, please post the problem in contact form.
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Learn Cloud Computing Tutorial – javatpoint
IEEE Standards Association
Developing Standards for Cloud Computing
The IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) is a leading consensus building organization that nurtures, develops and advances global technologies, through IEEE. We bring together a broad range of individuals and organizations from a wide range of technical and geographic points of origin to facilitate standards development and standards related collaboration. With collaborative thought leaders in more than 160 countries, we promote innovation, enable the creation and expansion of international markets and help protect health and public safety. Collectively, our work drives the functionality, capabilities and interoperability of a wide range of products and services that transform the way people live, work and communicate.
The IEEE Cloud Computing Initiative has originated two working drafts:
Cloud Computing and Standardization: Technical Reports Published
ITU-Ts Focus Group on Cloud Computing has completed its preliminary study into cloud computings standardization ecosystem and has released its FG Cloud Technical Report (Parts 1 to 7). The reports signal the conclusion of the Focus Groups study period and its findings come to form input for the cloud computing work taking place across the ITU-T under the leadership of Study Group 13 (Future Networks), overseen by the Joint Coordination Activity on Cloud Computing.
Clear industry demand for the technology and the promise of new revenues to ICT players has led to great market optimism, with one forecast predicting that global cloud IP traffic will account for more than one-third of total data center traffic by 2015. Cisco Global Cloud Index: Forecast and Methodology, 20102015 (PDF, 799 KB).
Cloud Computing Program
NIST’s long-term goal is to provide leadership and guidance around the cloud computing paradigm to catalyze its use within industry and government. NIST aims to shorten the adoption cycle, which will enable near-term cost savings and increased ability to quickly create and deploy safe and secure enterprise solutions. NIST aims to foster cloud computing practices that support interoperability, portability, and security requirements that are appropriate and achievable for important usage scenarios.
The NIST area of focus is technology, and specifically, interoperability, portability, and security requirements, standards, and guidance. The intent is to use the standards strategy to prioritize NIST tactical projects which support USG agencies in the secure and effective adoption of the cloud computing model to support their missions. The expectation is that the set of priorities will be useful more broadly by industry, SDOs, cloud adopters, and policy makers.
Visit NIST Cloud Computing Program at NIST.gov
Read NIST Special Publication 500-291, NIST Cloud Computing Standards Roadmap, July 2011 (PDF. 1.52 MB)
See more here:
Standards – IEEE Cloud Computing
If you are considering adopting cloud technologies and practices, you will receive a ton of different guidance about the benefits you might see.
Infrastructure and workloads
Many companies position the low initial costs and pay-as-you-go attributes as a very significant cost savings. Theyll note the considerable cost of building and operating data centers and argue for avoiding that to save money. Numbers can get astronomical depending on how you calculate them.
SaaS and cloud dev platforms
A software-as-a-service provider may discuss the savings from paying for application access versus purchasing off-the-shelf software. Software providers will add those “cloud attribute” benefits to the specifics of their software. Recently, there has been more discussion regarding the savings that cloud-based platforms can offer developers.
Speed and productivity
How much is it worth to your business if you can get a new application up and running in 30 hours rather than six to nine months? Likewise, the generic “staff productivity” doesn’t do justice to the capabilities that cloud dashboards, real-time statistics and active analytics can bring to reducing administration burden. How much does a person hour cost your company?
I like to think of this simply. What is the impact if you are wrong?
When the negative impact to trying new things is low, meaning that the risk is low, you will try many more things. The more you attempt, the more successes you will have.
If you asked me how to benefit from adopting cloud services, my first question would be, “Which services?” Every user and every organization is going to get a different set of benefits. The most important thing I can suggest is to think across the spectrum. Evaluate the potential savings, but also think about the soft benefits: improved productivity, more speed and lowered risk.
As hockey great Wayne Gretzky observed, you will miss 100 percent of the shots that you dont take. How much of a benefit is it to take your shot?
Benefits of cloud computing | IBM Cloud
In January 2018, RightScale conducted its seventh annual State of the Cloud Survey of the latest cloud computing trends, with a focus on infrastructure-as-a-service and platform-as-a-service.
Both public and private cloud adoption grew in 2018, with larger enterprises increasing their focus on public cloud. AWS is no longer the runaway leader as Azure has grown rapidly and is now a close second, especially among enterprise users. New to the survey this year is data on the large and growing spend on public cloud, which has driven cost optimization to the top of companies’ 2018 priority list. To gain control of growing spend, enterprise cloud teams are taking a stronger cloud governance role, including managing costs.
The State of the Cloud Survey is the largest survey on the use of cloud infrastructure thatis focused on cloud buyers and users, as opposed to cloud vendors. Their answers provide a comprehensive perspective on the state of the cloud today.
The survey asked 997 IT professionals about their adoption of cloud infrastructure and related technologies. Fifty-three percent of the respondents represented enterprises with more than 1,000 employees. The margin of error is 3.08 percent.
We highlight several key findings from the survey in this blog post. For the complete survey results, download the RightScale 2018 State of the Cloud Report.
Multi-Cloud Is the Preferred Strategy Among Enterprises
96 Percent of Respondents Use Cloud
More Enterprises Are Prioritizing Public Cloud in 2018
Organizations Leverage Almost 5 Clouds
Serverless Is the Top-Growing Extended Cloud Service
Enterprise Public Cloud Spend Is Significant and Growing Quickly
Enterprise Central IT Teams Shift Role to Governance and Brokering Cloud
Significant Wasted Cloud Spend Makes Optimizing Costs the Top Initiative
Container Use Is Up: Docker Is Used Most Broadly While Kubernetes Grows Quickly
Use of Configuration Tools Grows, with Ansible Showing Strongest Growth
Azure Continues to Grow Quickly and Reduce the AWS Lead, Especially Among Enterprises
Private Cloud Adoption Grows Across the Board
AWS Leads in Users with 50+ VMs While Azure Grows Its Footprint Faster
How AWS, Azure, Google Cloud, and IBM Cloud Stack Up Among Enterprises
In the 12 months since the last State of the Cloud Survey, a multi-cloud strategy remains the preference among enterprises even as the percentage of enterprises who use multiple clouds dropped slightly to 81 percent vs. 85 percent in 2017. Those planning a hybrid cloud strategy fell to 51 percent (from 58 percent in 2017). However, there was a slight increase in the number of enterprises are using multiple public clouds or multiple private clouds.
Both public and private cloud adoption have increased in the last year. The number of respondents now adopting public cloud is 92 percent, up from 89 percent in 2017, while the number of respondents now adopting private cloud is 75 percent, up from 72 percent in 2017. As a result, the overall portion of respondents using at least one public or private cloud is now 96 percent.
Among enterprises, the central IT team is typically tasked with assembling a hybrid portfolio of supported clouds. This year, many more enterprises see public cloud as their top priority, up from 29 percent in 2017 to 38 percent in 2018. Hybrid cloud still leads the to-do list, but has decreased as a top priority for enterprises, declining from 50 percent in 2017 to 45 percent in 2018.
Only 8 percent of enterprises are focusing on building a private cloud, and 9 percent see their top priority as using a hosted private cloud.
On average, survey respondents are using 4.8 clouds across both public and private. Respondents are already running applications in 3.1 clouds and experimenting with 1.7 more.
A significant number of public cloud users are now leveraging services beyond just the basic compute, storage, and network services. Year over year, serverless was the top-growing extended cloud service with a 75 percent increase over 2017 (12 to 21 percent adoption). Container-as-a-service was the second highest growth rate at 36 percent (14 to 19 percent adoption). DBaaS SQL and DBaaS NoSQL were third and fourth (26 and 22 percent growth rates, respectively), but achieved this growth starting from a much larger base of use, with 35 and 23 percent adoption, respectively, in 2017.
As use of public cloud has grown, so has the amount of spend. Public cloud spend is quickly becoming a significant new line item in IT budgets, especially among larger companies. Among all respondents, 13 percent spend at least $6 million annually on public cloud while 30 percent are spending at least $1.2 million per year. Among enterprises the spend is even higher, with 26 percent exceeding $6 million per year and more than half (52 percent) above $1.2 million per year.
Enterprises are not only using a lot of public cloud, but also planning to rapidly grow public cloud spend. Twenty percent of enterprises will more than double their public cloud spend in 2018, while 71 percent will grow spend at least 20 percent.
SMBs generally have fewer workloads overall and, as a result, smaller cloud bills (half spend under $120 thousand per year). However, 13 percent of SMBs still exceed $1.2 million in annual spend.
In contrast, private cloud use will grow more slowly for all sizes of organization. Only 7 percent of each group (enterprises and SMBs) is planning to double its use in 2018. Fewer than half of enterprises (47 percent) and 35 percent of SMBs plan to grow private cloud use by more than 20 percent.
As companies adopt cloud-first strategies, they are increasingly creating a centralized cloud team or a Center of Excellence for cloud. These teams provide centralized controls, tools, and best practices to help accelerate the use of cloud while reducing costs and risk.
Overall, 44 percent of companies already have a central cloud team. Enterprises have an even stronger need for centralized governance within their larger organizations: 57 percent of enterprises already have a central cloud team with another 24 percent planning one.
In 2018 we see enterprise central IT taking a stronger cloud governance role in advising on which applications move to cloud (69 percent in 2018 vs. 63 percent in 2017), managing costs (64 percent in 2018 vs. 55 percent in 2017), setting policies (60 percent in 2018 vs. 58 percent in 2017), and brokering cloud services (60 percent in 2018 vs. 54 percent in 2017).
Even though managing cloud costs is a top challenge, cloud users underestimate the amount of wasted cloud spend. Respondents estimate 30 percent waste, while RightScale has measured actual waste at 35 percent.
With significant wasted cloud spend, organizations are focusing on gaining control of costs. Optimizing cloud costs is the top initiative for the second year in a row, increasing from 53 percent of respondents in 2017 to 58 percent in 2018.
Despite an increased focus on cloud cost management, only a minority of companies have begun to implement automated policies to optimize cloud costs, such as shutting down unused workloads or selecting lower-cost cloud or regions. This represents an opportunity for increased efficiency and increased savings, since manual policies are difficult to monitor and enforce.
Docker adoption increased to 49 percent from 35 percent last year (a growth rate of 40 percent). Kubernetes, a container orchestration tool that leverages Docker, saw the fastest growth, almost doubling to reach 27 percent adoption.
Many users also choose container-as-a-service offerings from the public cloud providers.
The AWS container service (ECS/EKS) followed close behind Docker with 44 percent adoption (26 percent growth rate). Azure Container Service adoption reached 20 percent due to a strong growth of 82 percent, and Google Container Engine also grew strongly (75 percent) to reach adoption of 14 percent.
As part of adopting DevOps processes, companies often choose to implement configuration management tools that allow them to standardize and automate deployment and configuration of servers and applications. Among all respondents, Ansible and Chef are tied with 36 percent adoption each, followed by Puppet at 34 percent adoption.
Ansible showed the strongest growth since last year, up 71 percent in adoption. Chef grew 29 percent and Puppet grew 21 percent.
In 2018, AWS continues to lead in public cloud adoption, but other public clouds are growing more quickly. Azure especially is now nipping at the heels of AWS, especially in larger companies.
And 64 percent of respondents currently run applications in AWS, up from 57 percent in 2017 (12 percent growth rate).
Among enterprises, Azure did even better. Azure increased adoption significantly from 43 percent to 58 percent (35 percent growth rate) while AWS adoption in this group increased from 59 percent to 68 percent (15 percent growth rate). Among other cloud providers that were included in the survey last year, all saw increased adoption this year with Oracle growing fastest from 5 to 10 percent (100 percent growth rate), IBM Cloud from 10 to 15 percent (50 percent growth rate), and Google from 15 to 19 percent (27 percent growth rate).
Enterprise respondents with future projects (the combination of experimenting and planning to use) show the most interest in Google (41 percent).
In contrast to last years survey when we saw private cloud adoption flatten, the 2018 survey shows that adoption of private cloud increased across all providers.
Overall, VMware vSphere continues to lead with 50 percent adoption, up significantly from last year (42 percent). This includes respondents who view their vSphere environment as a private cloud whether or not it meets the accepted definition of cloud computing. OpenStack (24 percent), VMware vCloud Director (24 percent), Microsoft System Center (23 percent), and bare metal (22 percent) were all neck and neck. Azure Stack was in the sixth slot, but showed the highest percentage of respondents that were experimenting or planning to use the technology.
The cloud adoption numbers cited previously indicate the number of respondents that are running any workloads in a particular cloud. However, it is also important to look at the number of workloads or VMs that are running in each cloud. The following charts show the number of VMs being run across the top public and private clouds.
Among all respondents, 15 percent of respondents have more than 1,000+ VMs in vSphere as compared to 10 percent in AWS.
However, AWS leads in respondents with more than 50 VMs, (47 percent for AWS vs. 37 percent for VMware). In third position, Azure shows stronger growth, increasing respondents of more than 50 VMs from 21 to 29 percent.
While public cloud found its initial success in small forward-thinking organizations, over the past few years the battle has now shifted to larger enterprises. AWS has been moving quickly to address the needs of enterprises, and Microsoft has been working to bring its enterprise relationships to Azure. Google and IBM are also focusing on growing their infrastructure-as-a-service lines of business and continue to increase adoption.
The following public cloud scorecard provides a quick snapshot showing that AWS still maintains a lead among enterprises with the highest percentage adoption and largest VM footprint of the top public cloud providers. However, Azure is showing strength by growing much more quickly on already solid adoption numbers. IBM and Google are growing strongly as well but on a smaller base of users.
The 2018 State of the Cloud Survey shows that multi-cloud remains the preferred strategy. Almost every organization is using cloud at some level, with both public and private cloud adoption growing. On average, companies using or experimenting with nearly five public and private clouds with a majority of workloads now running in cloud.
However, public cloud is increasingly becoming the top focus among enterprises and, as a result, public cloud use is growing more quickly with the addition of new customers, an increase in workloads, and an increase in the number of services used.
This expansion in cloud use is driving public cloud spend higher, with large increases expected in 2018. Cost was the number one cloud challenge for intermediate and advanced cloud users. As a result, spend continues to be the top initiative for 2018 as even more organizations are turning their efforts to cost optimization efforts. There is still much room for improvement as 35 percent of cloud bills are wasted due to inefficiencies, and few organizations have yet implemented automated policies to help address these issues.
Enterprise central IT teams are taking a stronger role in cloud adoption, creating central cloud teams or a Center of Excellence. The role of these central teams is focused on cost management and governance as well as advising business units on workloads that should move to cloud. However, business units seek stronger autonomy, except in the area of cost optimization where they look to the central IT team for assistance.
The use of DevOps continues to increase, driving further adoption of container and configuration tools. Docker grew strongly again this year, and Kubernetes showed even stronger growth as a container orchestration solution. Many users are also adopting container-as-a-service offerings from AWS, Azure, and Google.
AWS still leads in public cloud adoption but Azure continues to grow more quickly and gains ground, especially with enterprise customers. Among enterprise cloud beginners, Azure is slightly ahead of AWS. Google maintains the third position, and VMware Cloud on AWS did well in its first year of availability. Adoption of Oracle Cloud is still small, but is growing well in the enterprise.
Cloud provider revenue is driven not just by adoption (percentage of companies using the cloud), but also the number of workloads (VMs) deployed, and the use of other extended cloud services.
Respondents continue to run more VMs in AWS than in other public clouds. However, Azure is growing quickly here as well to reduce AWSs lead.
VMware vSphere continues to lead as a private cloud option (both in adoption and number of VMs) followed by VMware vCloud Director. OpenStack is third, but Azure Pack (sixth place). stands out with the strongest interest level.
Download the RightScale 2018 State of the Cloud Report for the complete survey results.
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Cloud Computing Trends: 2018 State of the Cloud Survey